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Peggy Liu

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Peggy Liu is the Chairperson of JUCCCE, a nonprofit dedicated to accelerating the greening of China through systemic changes in sustainable cities, consumerism, the smart grid, and multi-sector convening power. Peggy is internationally recognized for her expertise on China’s sustainability landscape and for fostering international collaboration with China.

Peggy also created the China Dream initiative to reimagine prosperity for sustainable consumerism, and in 2013 she launched China’s first kids’ healthy food curriculum initiative. Peggy is a professor at China Academy of Governance and since 2008 has trained over 1,000 mayors and central government officials on how to build eco-livable cities.

She has served as a business advisor to Marks & Spencer, HP, Unilever, Danone, FTSE, and World Economic Forum on business with social purpose. Peggy has also advised EAT Forum on Food, the Clinton Global Initiative on clean energy, and The Hillary Institute on climate change. Peggy has received numerous accolades, including Time Magazine's Hero of the Environment, World Economic Forum's Young Global Leader, and Forbes' "Women to Watch in Asia." She is a regular judge for The Hult Prize on social entrepreneurship, and the Circulars at Davos for circular economy.

Drawdown Board of Directors

Pedro Diniz

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Pedro Diniz is an agroforester, businessman, and former Formula 1 racing driver. Pedro transformed his family farm into Fazenda da Toca, a large-scale organic farm in Brazil’s São Paulo state, and one of the country’s leading producers of organic eggs, dairy, and fruit. The farm makes use of agroforestry methods to grow a variety of trees that help to balance required biomass production with the nutritional needs of crops and animals. Pedro looks at Fazenda da Toca as a replicable model for large-scale egg, dairy, and fruit production using ecological methods.  He is hopeful that through large-scale organic and biodynamic production of healthy plant and animal products, the farm will become a catalyst for sound rural development and environmental regeneration in Brazil and beyond.

Through the farm, Pedro established the Instituto Toca, a non-profit school and research initiative that aims to “educate to transform” by providing direct instruction on sustainability to students in the local municipality.

Pedro serves as a Board Member and Shareholder for Peninsula Participações. He also served as a Board Member for Grupo Pão de Açúcar for ten years. He is the founder of PPD Holding, an investment company focused on conscious investments.

Drawdown Board of Directors

Peter Byck

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Peter Byck has more than 20 years of experience as a film director and editor. His first documentary Garbage won the 1996 South by Southwest Film Festival Jury Prize, and screened in scores of festivals in the U.S. and Europe.

Byck has edited short documentaries for Peter Jackson's last two films, Lord of the Rings and King Kong, and has worked as an editor or director for documentaries and promotional shorts for Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, 20th Century Fox, MTV, Vh1, BBC, Disney, and MGM. Byck has also worked as an editor or director on shows including The West WingThe MatrixScrubs, and ER.

Byck has presented his most recent documentary Carbon Nation, a film about climate change solutions, for Boeing, Nike, Google, Microsoft, Walmart.com, SC Johnson, Stonyfield, Carbon War Room, Shell, White House CEQ, CarbonTrade Ex, NetImpact, Social Venture Network, AREDAY, Metcalf Institute at University of Rhode Island, PEW-BICEP, Prince Charles’ B.E.P. program at Cambridge University, R.I.S.D., Art Center (Pasadena),Yale University, Conservation International, Louisville Fund for the Arts, and many more across the U.S. and internationally.

Peter is also a professor at Arizona State University, with appointments as a Senior Sustainability Scientist at the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, a Professor of Practice at the School of Sustainability, and a Professor of Practice at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communications.

In 1986, Peter received a Bachelor of Fine Arts from California Institute of the Arts.

Drawdown Board of Directors

Janine Benyus

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Janine Benyus is a biologist, innovation consultant, and author of six books, including Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. In Biomimicry, she names an emerging discipline that emulates nature’s designs and processes (e.g., solar cells that mimic leaves) to create a healthier, more sustainable planet. Since the book’s 1997 release, Janine has evolved the practice of biomimicry, consulting with businesses and conducting seminars about what we can learn from the genius that surrounds us. Her favorite role is Biologist-at-the-Design-Table, introducing innovators to 3.8 billion years of brilliant, time-tested solutions.

In 1998, Janine co-founded the world’s first bio-inspired consultancy, bringing nature’s sustainable designs to 250+ clients including Boeing, Colgate-Palmolive, Nike, General Electric, Herman Miller, HOK architects, IDEO, Interface, Natura, Procter and Gamble, Levi’s, Kohler, and General Mills. As a result of working with Janine’s team, the world’s largest commercial carpet manufacturer (Interface, Inc.) introduced a carpet line inspired by random pattern formation in nature. In record time, Entropy™/I2 rose to become Interface’s top-selling product, and now represents 40% of their carpet tile sales.

In 2006, Janine co-founded a non-profit institute to embed biomimicry in formal education and informal spaces such as museums and nature centers. Over 100 universities are now part of the Biomimicry Educator’s Network, introducing biology’s lessons to students who will one day design, engineer, and manage our world. In 2008, the institute launched AskNature.org, an award-winning bio-inspiration site for inventors.

In 2010, Janine and her team combined the for-profit and non-profit arms into a single B-Corp called Biomimicry 3.8. Working as a social enterprise, Biomimicry 3.8 is the world’s leader in biomimicry innovation consulting, training for professionals, and curricula development for educators. Its mission is to inspire, educate, and connect the growing community of biomimicry practitioners around the world. Biomimicry 3.8 runs a consulting bureau, a speaker’s bureau, a bio-knowledge subscription service, a K-University educator’s network, a regional network incubator, and a training system for Certified Biomimicry Professionals.

Training includes on-line short courses, an 8-month intensive, and a 2-year master’s level program. Graduates from five continents have begun to form regional networks, “swarming” to practice biomimicry in their own biomes. Nurturing and growing this network is the true calling of Biomimicry 3.8.

Over the past 14 years, Janine has personally introduced millions to the meme of biomimicry through two TED talks, hundreds of conference keynotes, and a dozen documentaries such as 11th Hour, Harmony, and The Nature of Things with David Suzuki, which aired in 71 countries. She has received several awards including The Gothenburg Award for Sustainable Development 2013, The Heinz Award 2011, Time Magazine’s Hero for the Planet Award 2008, United Nations Environment Programmer’s Champion of the Earth for Science and Technology 2009, the Rachel Carson Environmental Ethics Award, the Lud Browman Award for Science Writing in Society, and the Barrows and Heinz Distinguished Lectureships. Her work in biomimicry has been featured in Fortune, Forbes, Newsweek, Esquire, The Economist, Time, Wired, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Nature, and more. In 2010, BusinessWeek named Janine one of the World’s Most Influential Designers. In 2012, she received the Smithsonian Institution’s Cooper-Hewitt National Design Mind Award, given in recognition of a visionary who has had a profound impact on design theory, practice, or public awareness

An educator at heart, Janine believes that the more people learn from nature’s mentors, the more they’ll want to protect them. This is why she writes, speaks, and revels in describing the wild teachers in our midst.

Drawdown Board of Directors

Crystal Chissell

Crystal Chissell directs the overall operation of Project Drawdown, and fosters adoption of a solutions-based approach within the Drawdown Coalition, a global network of partners committed to reversing global warming. As a public speaker, she brings Project Drawdown's inspiring message to diverse audiences. 

Crystal has an interdisciplinary background in law, environmental science, and business management. She has held leadership roles in and advised a range of organizations, including small businesses, the City of Baltimore, the Maryland Environmental Service, and the Town of Highland Beach, Maryland. She has worked at the University of San Francisco and at Bay Area arts organizations.

Crystal holds a J.D. from the University of Maryland School of Law, an M.S. in Environmental Science from Johns Hopkins University, an M.B.A. from the University of San Francisco, and a B.A. in Journalism from Howard University.

Drawdown Staff

Katharine Wilkinson

Dr. Katharine Wilkinson is an author, strategist, and teacher, working to heal the planet we call home.

Katharine is Vice President of Communication & Engagement at Project Drawdown and Senior Writer for the New York Times bestseller Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming. Her first book, Between God & Green: How Evangelicals Are Cultivating a Middle Ground on Climate Change, was dubbed “a vitally important, even subversive, story” by The Boston Globe.

Katharine speaks internationally, sharing her expertise at Aspen Ideas, Skoll World Forum, Talks @ Google, TED Women, and through frequent media appearances. Her TED Talk on gender equity and global warming has more than 1.3 million views, and her writing has been published by BBC, CNN, and USA Today, among others. In 2019, Planned Parenthood honored Katharine as a “Legend in the Making.”

Katharine’s interdisciplinary background spans academia, business, and the social sector. Previously, she was Director of Strategy at the purpose consultancy BrightHouse and worked for The Boston Consulting Group and Natural Resources Defense Council. Katharine has taught at the University of Oxford and Agnes Scott College. She currently advises on Mary Robinson’s feminist climate podcast, Mothers of Invention, and serves on the boards of WildArk and Chattahoochee NOW.

Katharine holds a doctorate in Geography & Environment from Oxford, where she was a Rhodes Scholar, and a B.A. in Religion from Sewanee—The University of the South. She is happiest on a mountain or a horse. http://www.kkwilkinson.com

Drawdown Staff

Chad Frischmann

A coalition-builder and systems strategist, Chad Frischmann works to reverse global warming and build a new, regenerative future with cascading benefits to the environment and to human well-being.

Chad is the lead researcher and principal architect of the methodology and models behind Project Drawdown. In collaboration with leading environmentalist Paul Hawken and a global team of researchers and thought leaders, Chad designed sophisticated models to assess the world’s most effective climate solutions and determine if, when, and how the world can reach “drawdown,” the point in time when the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases begins to decline on a year-to-year basis. As head of research since Project Drawdown’s inception, Chad is a key spokesperson and coalition-builder dedicated to sharing the message and model of Drawdown with the world.

With a multidisciplinary background in public policy, human rights, sustainable development, and environmental conservation, Chad provides a systems-based approach to research and strategic leadership. Previously, Chad was the Senior Program Officer at The Europaeum, an association of leading European universities; taught at the University of Oxford and the University of California at Berkeley; and worked as a consultant and researcher for numerous organizations, from small grassroots non-profits to UN agencies such as UNESCO and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Chad’s talks have been featured at the University of Oxford, Harvard, COP23 in Bonn, World Business Council on Sustainable Development, 1% for the Planet Global Summit, Engineering for Change, ISEN Climate Change Symposium, University of California at Berkeley, the University of Washington, and the Carbon Leadership Forum, among others.

Chad holds a master's degree in Public Policy from the University of California at Berkeley, a master's degree in Art History from the University of Oxford, and a bachelor’s degree in International Affairs from George Washington University.

Drawdown Staff

Project Drawdown Research Team

Drawdown Advisors

Our Advisors are an exceptional group of experienced climate leaders who assist us with visioning, strategy, and cultivating and disseminating resources on climate solutions.


  • Wendy Abrams, Cool Globes
  • David Addison, Virgin Earth Challenge
  • Lindsay Allen, Rainforest Action Network
  • Alan AtKisson, AtKisson Group
  • George Bandy, Mohawk Group
  • Marc Barasch, Green World Campaign
  • Spencer Beebe, Ecotrust
  • Margaret Bergen, Panswiss Project
  • Sarah Bergmann, The Pollinator Pathway
  • Chhaya Bhanti, Iora Ecological Solutions
  • May Boeve, 350.org
  • James Boyle, Sustainability Roundtable Inc.
  • Tod Brilliant, Peoples Home Equity
  • Clark Brockman, SERA Architects
  • Bill Browning, Terrapin Bright Green
  • Michael Brune, Sierra Club
  • Leo Burke, University of Notre Dame
  • Peter Busby, Perkins + Will
  • Peter Calthorpe, Calthorpe Associates
  • Lynelle Cameron, Autodesk Foundation
  • Mark Campanale, Carbon Tracker Initiative
  • Dennis Carlberg, Boston University
  • Steve Chadima, Advanced Energy Economy
  • Aimée Christensen, Sun Valley Institute for Resilience
  • Cutler Cleveland, Boston University
  • Leila Conners, Tree Media Group
  • Audrey Davenport, Google
  • Edward Davey, The Prince of Wales’ International Sustainability Unit
  • AshEL "Seasunz" Eldridge, Earth Amplified Consulting
  • John Elkington, Volans Ventures
  • Jib Ellison, Blu Skye
  • Felipe Faria, Green Building Council Brazil
  • Rick Fedrizzi, US Green Building Council
  • David Fenton, Fenton Communications
  • Bob Fox, CookFox
  • Maria Fujihara, Green Building Council Brazil
  • Mark Fulton, Energy Transition Advisors
  • Douglas Gayeton, Lexicon of Sustainability
  • Rachel Gutter, International WELL Building Institute
  • André Heinz, The Heinz Endowments
  • Gregory Heming, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia
  • Oran Hesterman, Fair Food Network
  • Patrick Holden, Sustainable Food Trust
  • Gunnar Hubbard, Thornton Tomasetti
  • Jared Huffman, US Congress
  • Chris Jordan, Photographer
  • Dan Kammen, UC Berkeley
  • Danny Kennedy, Sungevity, Inc. 
  • Kerry Kennedy, Robert F Kennedy Human Rights
  • Elizabeth Kolbert, Author
  • Jules Kortenhorst, Rocky Mountain Institute
  • Larry Kraft, iMatter Youth
  • Osprey Orielle Lake, Women's Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN)
  • Alex Lau, YiYi Ventures
  • Colin Le Duc, Generation Investment Management + Foundation
  • Jeremy Leggett, SolarCentury
  • Annie Leonard, Greenpeace USA
  • Barry Lopez, Author
  • Beatriz Luraschi, The Prince of Wales' International Sustainability Unit
  • Joanna Macy, Author
  • Joel Makower, GreenBiz Group Inc.
  • Fernando Martirena, Central University of Las Villas, Cuba
  • Mark S. McCaffrey, National University for Public Service (NUPS)
  • David McConville, Buckminster Fuller Institute
  • Robyn McCord O’Brien, Activist
  • Andrew McKenna, Big History Institute
  • Bill McKibben, 350.org
  • Jason McLennan, Living Building Challenge
  • Erin Meezen, Interface, Inc.
  • Pete Myers, Environmental Health Sciences
  • Mark "Puck" Mykleby, Case Western Reserve University
  • David W. Orr, Oberlin College
  • Billy Parish, Mosaic
  • Michael Pollan, Author
  • Jonathon Porritt, Forum for the Future
  • Joylette Portlock, Communitopia
  • Shana Rappaport, GreenBiz Group Inc. 
  • Andrew Revkin, ProPublica
  • Jonathan Rose, Jonathan Rose Companies LLC
  • Adam Sacks, Biodiversity for a Livable Climate
  • Samer Salty, Zouk Capital LLP
  • Astrid Scholz, Sphaera
  • Michael Shuman, Telesis Corporation
  • Mary Solecki, Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2)
  • Gus Speth, Vermont Law School
  • Tom Steyer, NextGen Climate
  • Terry Tamminen, The Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation
  • Kat Taylor, TomKat Foundation
  • Clayton Thomas-Muller, Idle no More 
  • Ivan Tse, TSE Foundation
  • Mary Evelyn Tucker, Yale University's Forum on Religion and Ecology
  • Paul Valva, Valva Associates
  • Brian Von Herzen, The Climate Foundation
  • Greg Watson, Schumacher Center
  • Bill Weihl, Facebook
  • Ted White, Fahr LLC
  • Morgan Williams, WWF New Zealand
  • Dan Wieden, Wieden+Kennedy
  • Allison Wolff, Vibrant Planet
  • Graham Wynne, Prince of Wales' International Sustainability Unit
  • Andrew Zolli, Author

Drawdown, The Book

Drawdown describes the 100 most substantive solutions to global warming. For each solution, we describe its history, the carbon impact it provides, the relative cost and savings, the path to adoption, and how it works. The goal of the research that informs Drawdown is to determine if we can reverse the buildup of atmospheric carbon within thirty years. All solutions modeled are already in place, well understood, analyzed based on peer-reviewed science, and are expanding around the world.

There have been agreements and proposals on how to slow, cap, and arrest emissions, and there are international commitments to prevent global temperature increases from exceeding two degrees centigrade over pre-industrial levels. One hundred and ninety-five nations have made extraordinary progress in coming together to acknowledge that we have a momentous civilizational crisis on our earthly doorstep and have created national plans of action.

The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has accomplished the most significant scientific study in the history of humankind, and continues to refine the science, expand the research, and extend our grasp of one of the most complex systems imaginable—climate. However, there is as yet no roadmap that goes beyond slowing or stopping emissions.

To be clear, our organization did not create or devise a plan. We do not have that capability or self-appointed mandate. In conducting our research, we found a blueprint that already exists in the world in the form of humanity’s collective wisdom, made manifest in applied, hands-on practices and technologies. Individuals, communities, farmers, cities, companies, and governments have shown that they care about this planet, its people, and its places. Engaged citizens the world over are doing extraordinary work. We are finding and telling their stories.

Reviews

“At this point in time, the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible, conservative solution-by-solution narrative that we can do it. Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis. Reported by-effects include increased determination and a sense of grounded hope.”

— Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming

“...[T]here’s been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can do and what impact it can have. There remains no single, comprehensive, reliable compendium of carbon-reduction solutions across sectors. At least until now. ...[T]he public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom.”

— David Roberts, Vox

Drawdown is an exceptional example of cooperation between some of the sharpest thinkers on climate and energy matters, an atlas that has the potential to save the planet.”

— Andreas Kuhlmann, CEO German Energy Agency

“With a climate-denying party controlling the government, it can seem that there’s no hope…. But a new book might change that—and serve as a blueprint for what comes next if the U.S. government (and the global community) begins to aggressively focus on altering the climate future. Drawdown is likely the most comprehensive model of climate solutions ever made.”

— Fast Company

“It will give you the best kind of hope, the kind that balances realism with radical vision. ...Stabilizing the climate system will require a heroic global effort, but the point here is only to show that...such an effort can do more than merely succeed; that it can succeed well, and open into futures that we can actually bear to contemplate. ”

— Tom Athanasiou, The Nation

“Be kindly unto the scientists, for they may just save our skin—and make us happier and wealthier in the bargain…. An optimistic program for getting out of our current mess, well deserving of the broadest possible readership.”

— Kirkus Review

Drawdown is likely the most hopeful thing you’ll ever read about our ability to take on global warming.”

— Joel Makower, GreenBiz

Drawdown is a magnificent achievement.”

— Greg Watson, Schumacher Center for New Economics

“A bold plan to beat back climate change based on solutions already within our grasp.”

— Outside Magazine

“It’s so brilliant…a showstopper.”

— Donald A. Falk, PhD, Associate Professor School of Natural Resources and the Environment University of Arizona

“A rigorous and profoundly important resource.”

— Donna Seaman, Booklist

Drawdown is not just a project – it is an adventure. It is a promising story that has the potential to engage every person on the planet with at least one solution to climate change, whether it is educating girls, improved rice cultivation, creating walkable cities, eating a plant-rich diet, household recycling, or any of the other solutions. ”

— Karen O'Brien, cCHANGE

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